Sealing solutions for applications compliant to TA-Luft and ATEX

M481KL shaft seal for distillation units

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Situation

High-boiling toxic product is separated from the residue by evaporation in a steel distillation vessel

Challenge

Problematic media, and original sealing solution was not conform to current industrial standards

Solution

TA-Luft- and ATEX-compliant mechanical seal, type M481KL-D24

In the process stage presented here, a high-boiling toxic product is separated in a steel distillation vessel at Chema Prozess- und Systemtechnik (Germany) from the residue by evaporation. The distillation vessel is run discontinuously in batch operation. This means that the vessel is filled at the beginning of the process and then heated up to the operating temperature. Due to different boiling points the product is separated by distillation. When the vessel has cooled down, the residue is removed and the vessel is refilled.

The medium to be separated has a melting point of 155 °C and a tendency to resublimate, i.e. it changes its state of aggregation directly from gaseous into solid. This tendency to resublimate is problematic because product deposits can build up on the seal and can lead to the seal hanging up.

M48KL_030.tiff CaseStudy_Grafik_M481KL_TA-Luft.jpg

Illustr. 1: M481KL agitator seal
Illustr. 2: Yellow parts = rotating, blue = stationary, gray = housing.

Until now, the sealing was performed using a double packing with a flush. The problem with this sealing solution was that it was not conform to current industrial standards based on the today’s legislation such as TA-Luft and ATEX. In order to fulfill these requirements, the stuffing box packing was replaced by TA-Luft-compliant mechanical seal, type M481KL-D24, which is conform to ATEX Zone 1 II GD cb T3. The seal is a double mechanical seal with integrated bearing in cartridge design. The seal is self-closing.

Special features include an integrated “cooling flange” and the use of a polymerization barrier. However, in this application the “cooling”-flange is not utilized for cooling but for heating, in order to prevent product resublimation. Temperatures produced here range between 155 °C and 200 °C.

The polymerization barrier, which is a sort of labyrinth, is arranged below the seal on the product side and is continually flushed with nitrogen. This prevents the medium from reaching the seal and forming a deposit, resulting in the seal hanging up. Normally, polymerization barriers utilize liquid quench media.

Originally, it was proposed to use a medicinal grade white oil. However, the fact that this produced minor leakage into the product was unacceptable to the customer. It was therefore decided to go with nitrogen as the flush medium without retro-fitting of the seal. It is recommended to use a throttle for gaseous media in order to achieve higher flow rates. It is also possible to achieve precise drain-off of any leakage in order to fulfi ll TA-Luft air quality control requirements.

Specifically because of the high temperatures involved, a special perfluoro rubber (KH) that is resistant up to 315 °C is used for the elastomers on the product side and to some extent on the atmosphere side as well.

With this contemporary seal solution the plant operator rebuilt its equipment right up to current industrial standards and to fulfill the demands of legislation in every respect as set out by TA-Luft and ATEX. Emissions are reduced to a minimum and security of employment also achieves significant improvement. In addition, the seal’s lifetime is also noticeably prolonged.

  • Distillation vessel: steel,2.5 m3 capacity
  • Medium: organic product with high boiling point
  • Hazardous material class for this medium: toxic
  • Operating temperature: 250 °C ... 280 °C (482 °F ... 536 °F)
  • Maximum temperature: 300 °C (572 °F)
  • Operating pressure: 0.005 ... 1,8 bar absolute (vacuum)
  • Rotational speed: 41 min-1
     
  • Seal incl. materials: M481KL-D24/100-E11.1, BQ2KHGE (1.4571)-BQ2V/KHGE (1.4122)
  • Application: Agitator with top drive
  • Supply system: TS 1016 with cooling coil and SPU 2040/A006-00 circulation pump
  • Barrier medium: white oil
  • Barrier pressure: 3 bar
  • Operation mode: the temperature of the barrier medium at the seal outlet is approx. 60 °C (140 °F)
  • ATEX: Ex-Zone 1 corresponding to II 2 GD cb T3, temperature class T3
  • Polymerization barrier for flushing: nitrogen feed, 3 standard liters per min (acc. to ISO standard)
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Agitator seal compliant with TA-Luft and ATEX

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